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- Primary 5 Numeracy

## Topics & Activities

## January

To have quick recall of all tables up to 12 x 12.

Key Language : multiply, multiple, product

Ideas to help at home: If you’re out in the car try using the digits of the number plate of the car in front. Multiply the first two numbers, multiply the odd/ even numbers etc. Ask your child to make up questions for you. Occasionally get them wrong as they love to beat you! For children who have good recall try giving tables with missing numbers e.g. how many 7s in 63. Or my answer is 24 how many ways can you make this total?

## February

Recognise and describe 3.D shapes.

Key Language

Cube, cuboid, cone, cylinder, square based pyramid, triangular based pyramid ( tetrahedron), sphere, hemisphere, triangular prism, face, edge vertex/vertices ( corner/corners)

Ideas to Help at Home

- Try playing hunt the shape at home but in the supermarket is great for this activity. How many of the shapes can they find?

You can play ‘Who am I?’ You give clues to your child using language face, edge, vertices and they guess the shape. Let them make up clues for you.

## March

Money

Key Language:

1p, 2p, 5p, 2op, 50p, £1, £2, £5, £10, £20, spend, save, change

Ideas to support at home:

Let your child handle notes and coins so that recognise those mentioned above. Ask them to make you amounts of money using notes and coins. Extend this by specifying the number of coins they can use. Eg make me 77p using 6 coins.

When in the supermarket talk to your child about prices especially offers such as buy three for the price of two. Can they work out how much each costs?

## April

Equivalent Fractions

Key Language:

Fraction, equivalent fraction, numerator ( top number), denominator ( bottom number ), multiply, divide.

Ideas to help at home:

One way to help reinforce equivalent fractions can be related to food. If for example you are having a pizza discuss with your child about how many equal parts it had been divided into so perhaps in sixths. As the pizza is eaten you can point out that 3 slices are gone so 3/6 are left. Visually they can relate that 3/6 is the same as ½ of the pizza. Same idea for a packet of 8 biscuits. 2 are eaten. This means 2/8 are eaten this is the same as ¼ of the biscuits.

## May

Weight

Key Language:

Kg, g, weigh, heavier, lighter, equivalent, balance, ½ , ¼, scales

Ideas for helping:

Let your child play about with scales – they need to become familiar with reading a scale. Use kitchen and bathroom scales. Let them look at the labels on tins and packages in the kitchen. Which is heavier/ lighter? Can they find some objects which weigh as much as e.g. a bag of sugar? If you are baking let your child do the weighing for you.

In P.5. we would also expect them to know the relationship between the different weights.

1Kg = 1000g

½ Kg = 500g

¼ Kg = 250g

1/5Kg = 200g

1/10 Kg = 100g

## September

Times Tables

**Key Language:**

Multiply

Find the product of

Times

**Ideas for Helping:**

I have put this topic on the Website for September but tables are learnt and developed throughout the P.5. year. We will be starting by revising x2, x5 and x10 and then continuing up to 12 x 12. Your child will have weekly table tests so it is important that you work each night on developing quick recall. Ask your children multiplication questions even when out on a car journey or walking to the shops to take it away from just another homework task. Get them to ask you questions too and sometimes get the answer wrong to see if they can spot the mistakes. I have included a few websites which you and your child will hopefully enjoy but there are many more available online.

## October

Place Value

Children have been concentrating on place value in either HTU or THHTU.

**Key Language**

Unit/ones. Tens, Hundreds, Thousands

**Ideas for Home**

Write out the numbers 0-9 on pieces of paper. Pick out 3 ( for H T U) or 4 (TH H T U) pieces of paper at random. Ask your child questions such as - What is the biggest number you can make? The smallest one? The second biggest? A lot of discussion can be brought in here as to which digits need to be changed. What is the biggest/smallest odd or even number that can be made. Also talk with your child and make up questions such as what number would I have if I added 5 tens or subtracted 3 thousands etc. If you’re out and about in the car number plates are a great way of trying this activity too.

## November

2.D. Shapes/ Symmetry

Key Language: Names and properties of the 2.D. shapes learnt in K.S.1 - square, circle, rectangle, triangle, pentagon, hexagon and octagon.

Children should be able to describe these shapes using terms such as corner, edge, straight and curved. So far in P.5. the children have been introduced to some new shapes – the 4 types of triangle : right angled, equilateral, isosceles and scalene. They have also met the term quadrilateral and have heard the words rhombus, parallelogram, kite and trapezium. At this stage we hope they can simply recognise these shapes. This month we have also been looking at symmetry in 2.D shapes and marking on lines of symmetry and completing symmetrical patterns.

## December

Coordinates

Children love using coordinates. In P.5. they use coordinates (letters and numbers ) to plot points, locate objects and to draw pictures. A good game you can play with your child at home is Battleship. If you do not have the board game you can simply make up your own boards on squared paper. Always reinforce with your child that they use the coordinate along the bottom ( x axis ) before the one on the side ( y axis )

## Web Links

Greenhaw Primary School,

Carnhill Estate,

Londonderry

BT48 8BA

Tel:028 7135 1908

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